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BARLEY AGRONOMIC DESCRIPTIONS

AZURE

Azure was a 6-rowed, blue-aleurone malting barley released in 1982.  It was high yielding with strong straw but was susceptible to loose smut.

BEACON

Beacon was a 6-rowed malting barley with rough awns, short rachilla hairs and colorless aleurone.  Released in 1973, it was the first NDSU barley that had resistance to loose smut.

BOWMAN

Bowman is a 2-rowed, smooth-awned variety jointly released by NDSU and USDA in 1984 as a feed barley. It has good test weight and straw strength.  It is resistant to wheat stem rust but is susceptible to loose smut and BYDV.

CELEBRATION
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Celebration barley was developed by the Barley breeding program at Busch Agricultural Resources and was released in 2008.  Through a collaborative agreement between the North Dakota State University Foundation  Seedstocks (NDFSS) project and Busch Agricultural Resources, Inc. all foundation seed of Celebration barley will be produced and distributed by the NDFSS. Celebration has excellent agronomic performance and malt quality; midwestern variety, well adapted for Minnesota North Dakota, Idaho and Montana; medium-early maturity, medium-early heading, medium-short height; mid-lax head type, rough awns, short rachilla hairs, and colorless aleurone, moderately resistant to septoria and net blotch;  has improved reaction to Fusarium head blight and consistently lower DON content.

CONLON

Conlon is a 2-row barley released by NDSU in 1996. Test weight and yield is better than Bowman.  Yield is equal to Stark.  Conlon heads earlier than Bowman and shows good heat tolerance by mainintain kernel plumpness.  It is resistant to powdery mildew and net blotch but is moderately susceptible to spot blotch. It is prone to lodging under high yield growing conditions.  It appears best adapted to western ND and adjacent western states.

DICKSON

Dickson was a 6-row, rough awned variety released by NDSU in 1965.  It had good straw strtength; was resistant to stem rust but susceptible to loose smut.  Dickson had more resistance to prevalent leaf spot diseases than Trophy, Larker and Traill.  It was similar to Trophy in heading date, plant height and straw strength.  It had less plump than Trophy and Larker but more than Traill and Kindred.  
DRUMMOND
Drummond is a 6-row malting variety released by NDSU in 2000 . It has a white aleurone, long rachilla hairs and semi-smooth awns. Drummond has better straw strength than current 6-row varieties. Heading date is similar to Robust and plant height is similar to Stander. It is resistant to spot blotch; moderately susceptible to net blotch. However, its net blotch resistance is better than any current variety. Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) reaction is similar to Robust. It is resistant to prevalent races of wheat  stem rust but is susceptible to pathotype Pgt-QCC. Drummond is on AMBA's list of recommended varieties. In two years of plant scale evaluation, Drummond was found satisfactory by Anheuser Busch, Inc. and Miller Brewing.

EXCEL

Excel is a 6-row, white aleurone malting barley released by MN in 1990.  Shorter in height than other 6-row barleys grown at that time, it is high yielding with medium-early maturity, moderately strong straw, smooth awns and long rachilla hairs.  It has high resistance to stem rust, moderate resistance to spot blotch but is susceptible to loose smut.  Malting traits are equal or greater than Morex with plum kernel % lower than Robust.  

FOSTER

Foster is a 6-row, white aluerone malting barley released by NDSU in 1995.  About 1-day earlier and slightly shorter than Robust, it is higher yielding than Morex, Robust and Hazen. Straw strength is similar to Excel and Stander but better than Robust. It is moderately susceptible to net blotch but resistant to spot blotch. Protein is 1.5% lower than Robust and Morex.  

GLENN

Glenn was a 6-row, white aleurone variety released by NDSU in 1978.  Glenn was resistant to prevalent races of loose and covered smut with better resistance to leaf spot diseases than Larker.  It matureed about 2 days earlier than Larker and yielded about 10% more than Larker and Beacon.

HAZEN

Hazen was a 6-row, smooth awn, white aleurone feed barley released by NDSU in 1984. Hazen heads 2 days later than Glenn.  It is susceptible to loose smut.

KINDRED
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Kindred was released in about 1941.  Kindred was developed from a selection made by S.T. Lykken, a Kindred, ND farmer.  It was a 6-row, rough awned, medium-early Manchurian-type malting variety that gave good yields.  Kindred had stem rust resistance but was moderately susceptible to spot blotch and Septoria.  It was less susceptible to blight and root rot than Wisconsin 38.  It was medium height with weak straw.

    'L' or KINDRED 'L'

See Kindred Barley.  'L' or Kindred 'L' was from a re-selection made to eliminate blue Manchurian types.

LARKER

Larker was a 6-rowed, semi-smooth awn malting barley first released in 1961.  It was medium maturity with moderate straw strength and medium height.  Larker was rust resistant but susceptible to leaf diseases and loose smut.  It was superior to all other malt varieties for kernel plumpness at the time of release.

LOGAN

Logan was released by NDSU in 1995 and is classed as a non-malting barley. It is a white aluerone, 2-row barley similar to Bowman in heading date and plant height and similar to Morex for foliar diseases. It has better yield, test weight, lodging score and lower protein than Bowman and Morex.

MANCHURIAN

Manchurian was a blue aleurone malting variety released by NDSU in 1922.  It had weak to moderte-stiff straw and was susceptible to stem rust.  It was developed from false stripe virus-free stock.

MANSCHEURI

Manscheuri, designated Accession No. 871, was a 6-row barley that may have been first released by NDSU before 1904.  It outyielded most of the common types being grown in the state at the time. It had stiffer straw than varieties at the time and a longer head filled with large, plump kernels.

MANSURY

Mansury, designated Accession No. 172, was a 2-row barley first released by NDSU in about 1905.

MOREX

Morex is a 6-row, white aleurone, smooth-awn malting variety released by MN in 1978. Morex, which stands for "more extract" is highly resistant to stem rust, moderate to spot blotch and susceptible to loose smut.

NORDIC

Nordic was a 6-rowed, colorless aleurone feed barley released in 1971.  It had rough awns and short rachilla hairs. Yield was similar to Dickson but greater than Larker.  Kernel plumpness and test weight was superior to Dickson but less than Larker.  Lodging, spot and net blotch resistance was similar to Dickson but it had higher resistance to Septoria leaf blotch.  It showed less leaf rust syptoms compared to other varieties at the time.

PARK

Park was a 6-row, white aleurone malting barley released in 1978.  Park had better resistance to leaf spot diseases, spot blotch, net blotch and Septoria leaf blotch than Larker.

PINNACLE
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Pinnacle was released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in 2006.  Pinnacle has high yield, low protein, long rachilla hairs, smooth awns, white aleurone, medium-late maturity, medium height, and strong straw strength

RAWSON

Rawson was developed by the NDSU Barley Breeding Program and released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in 2005.  Rawson General Characteristics:  very large kernel; loose hull; long rachilla hairs; rough awns; white aleurone; medium maturity; medium height, and medium straw strength.

ROBUST

Robust is a 6-row, white aleurone malting variety released by MN in 1983.  Maturity is 2 days later than Morex.

SIOUX

Sioux was a selection from Tregal released by NDSU in 19  .  It was a 6-row, medium early variety with white aleurone, rough awns and long rachilla hairs.  It was high yielding with plump kernels. Its disease reaction was similar to Tregal.

STARK

Stark was a 2-row non-malting barley released by NDSU in 1991. It has stiff straw, large kernels and appears best adapted to western ND and adjacent western states. Stark is about 1-day later and 2-inches shorter with test weight equal or better than Bowman.  Stark yields about 10% better than Bowman.  It is moderately resistant to net and spot blotch but is susceptible to loose smut, leaf rust and the QCC race of wheat stem rust.

TRADITION

Tradition has excellent agronomic performance and malt quality, and is well adapted to Minnesota, North Dakota, Idaho and Montana.  Tradition has medium relative maturity, medium-short height and has very strong straw.  Tradition has a nodding head type, has semi-smooth awns, long rachilla hairs and white aleurone.

TRAILL

Traill was a medium early, rough awn, white aleurone malting variety released by NDSU in 1956.  It was resistant to stem rust and hd same reaction to spot blotch and Septoria as Kindred.  Traill had greater yield and straw strength than Kindred but had smaller kernel size.

TREGAL

Tregal was a high yield, smooth-awn, 6-row feed barley released by NDSU in 1943. It was medium-early with short, stiff straw,erect head and high resistance to loose smut.  Tregal was similar to Kindred for reaction to spot blotch with similar tolerance to Septoria.

TROPHY

Trophy was a 6-row, rough awn malting variety with colorless aleurone released by NDSU in 1964. Similar to Traill and Kindred in plant height, heading date and test weight, it had more % plump kernels. Yield in ND was greater than Kindred and similar to Traill.  Similar to Kindred and Traill, it was resistant to stem rust but susceptible to loose smut and Septoria leaf blotch. Trophy had some field resistance to net blotch.  It had greater straw strength than Kindred.  Trophy had greater enzymatic activity and quality than Traill.