Foundation Seed Program
The principal function of the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (NDAES) Seed Increase Program is to provide Foundation class seed for subsequent production of Registered and Certified class seed by the North Dakota seed industry. For this reason, and in the interest of better agriculture for North Dakota, only high quality seed will be produced and sold by NDAES through the North Dakota Foundation Seedstocks Project (FSS) and Research Centers (RC). Except for special conditions, such as seed shortages and new varieties, the seed produced and sold will be Foundation class seed unless specifically authorized by the Foundation Seedstocks Director (FSSD).
II. SPECIFIC RESPONSIBILITIES
Director, Agricultural Experiment Station
Chair, Plant Science Department
Director, Foundation Seedstocks
Assistant Director, Foundation Seedstocks
Directors of Research/Extension Centers and Agronomy Seed Farm
III. SEED CLASSES AND STANDARDS
The North Dakota State Seed Commissioner and Foundation Seedstocks Project support the Association of Official Seed Certifying Agencies (AOSCA) policies with regard to the limitation of generations. The aid and advice of the North Dakota State University (NDSU) plant breeder will be used as necessary to define the standards of the crop.
Seed classes defined by AOSCA which will be recognized by the Seedstocks Project include:
BREEDER SEED is seed or vegetative propagating material directly controlled by the originating, or in certain cases, the sponsoring plant breeder, institution, or firm, and which supplies the source for the initial and recurring increase of Foundation seed.
FOUNDATION SEED shall be seedstocks that are handled so as to most nearly maintain specific genetic identity and purity equal to Breeder seed. Production must be carefully supervised and approved by the certifying agency and/or agricultural experiment station.
REGISTERED SEED shall be the progeny of Foundation seed that is handled so as to maintain satisfactory genetic identity and purity and has been inspected and certified by the certifying agency. This class of seed should be of a quality suitable for production of Certified seed.
CERTIFIED SEED shall be the progeny of Foundation or Registered seed that is handled so as to maintain satisfactory genetic identity and purity and has been inspected and certified by the certifying agency. At the request of the NDAES Director and discretion of the certifying agency, Certified seed may be the progeny of Certified class seed for one generation, if the supply shortage is deemed to be an emergency situation.
IV. SEED INCREASE
1. Seed for new variety increases by an RC will be supplied by the FSS from production at the ASF, other RC, the winter increase program, other states or other countries.
2. The plant breeder will provide FSS and North Dakota State Seed Department (NDSSD) with a description of each new or potential variety including identification of variants.
3. Production of seed for new variety increases will be under the supervision of the Assistant Foundation Seedstocks Director in concert with RCD's.
4. A Seedstocks Planning and Advisory Committee appointed by the Plant Sciences Department Chair will assist in the determination of the anticipated seed production requirements for released varieties. The committee, chaired by the Director, FSS will consist of at least two RC Directors, two seed grower/dealers and two Extension Agronomists. Committee will meet annually prior to December 31.
5. Each RC will fulfill the land requirements and field standards specified by FSS and NDSSD, respectively. Land requirements may include production by contract growers in the vicinity.
6. RC Directors will select planting sites for seed increases with consideration for the requirements necessary for certification, crop rotation and other agronomic considerations.
7. The NDSSD ensures that standards for field inspection are enforced. The passage or failure of a seed field under control of FSS will be based on rigid compliance with seed certification standards and not on the availability of seed or the individual or organization producing the seed (See North Dakota Seed Certification Standards, Bulletin No. 51, Appendix 2).
8. When seed production is required beyond the capacity of RC's, FSS and/or RC Directors will select and supervise contract growers. Production from such contracts will be conditioned by the contracting RC or at an approved seed conditioning plant. Application for field inspection on contracted land will be by either FSS or the RC, who is responsible for completion of all seed requirements.
9. The decision on whether to increase experimental lines which will be released by other states will be determined by the FSS, Plant Sciences Department Chair, an Extension Agronomist and appropriate plant breeder with input from other specialists on plant diseases and quality characteristics.
10. Seed for new varieties released by another state or agency which are not increased through the NDAES system, may be made available by contacting FSS. Information on the availability and varietal performance will be provided by FSS on an annual basis or upon request.
11. The decision to discontinue the increase of varieties in the Seed Increase Program will be made by the Seedstocks Planning and Advisory Committee with concurrence by RC Directors.
V. SEED PRODUCTION
1. The best fields meeting field standards for certification will be selected for seed increase.
2. All practices for maximum crop production will be performed including the use of herbicides, fungicides and insecticides, when necessary. The FSS along with extension agronomists will develop seed production guidelines and requirements for cultural practices, weed control, rotation, harvesting procedures, etc. All NDAES personnel involved in seed production for the AES system will be expected to follow the guidelines (See Production Handbook).
3. Field isolation and roguing will be the joint responsibility of the RC and FSS. Each RC will assume the leadership, responsibility and cost of labor for roguing. FSS assistance will be provided where unusual purity problems exist. The advice of the breeder may also be solicited if a North Dakota variety is involved.
4. An RC may be required to rogue small acreages for seed which will serve as seedstock for another RC. The goal should always be to have Foundation seed no more than two or three generations from Breeder seed. New or repurified seed for increase will be provided at cost by FSS. Seed produced on the RC may be reseeded for further increase.
5. Seed returned in late spring from a winter increase usually will be sown at the more northern stations.
VI. SEED CONDITIONING
All seed should be conditioned to meet the highest purity, germination and vigor standards possible. Seed may be sold as "substandard" for germination when necessary but only with prior approval of FSS.
VII. SEED DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING
Distribution of new varieties and those under contract:
Older Varieties and Those Not Under Contract
VIII. SEED PRICES
1. The Seedstocks Price Committee consisting of the Director, NDAES; Director, FSS; Chairman, Plant Sciences Department; Director, ASF; an RC Director; an Extension Agronomist; Extension Marketing Economist; a County Extension Agent; and a seed industry representative will meet annually to establish Foundation seed prices for the following 12 months. The Chair of Plant Sciences will appoint members.
2. The Seedstocks Price Committee will meet annually prior to October 1 to set seed prices and establish the Foundation Seedstocks Check-off Fee and Infrastructure Levy for all crops. The FSS will revise and distribute seed price and fee schedules as necessary.
3. A Foundation Seedstocks Check-off Fee and Infrastructure Levy will be collected from all Foundation seed sales. The Foundation Seedstocks Check-off Fee will be deposited into the Foundation Seedstocks Project account for support of operations. The Infrastucture Levy will be deposited in the appropriate account with funds designated for upgrading the seed conditioning, handling and delivery facilities at the Agronomy Seed Farm and RC.